Resources Consulted

Manuscript Culture 

Macarthur, J.D, P.Del Carmine, F Lucarelli, and P.A Mandò. “Identification of Pigments in Some Colours on Miniatures from the Medieval Age and Early Renaissance.” Nuclear Inst. and Methods in Physics Research, B 45, no. 1-4 (1990): 315–321.


Miguel, Catarina, Joana V. Pinto, Mark Clarke, and Maria J. Melo. “The Alchemy of Red Mercury Sulphide: The Production of Vermilion for Medieval art. (Report).” Dyes and Pigments 102, no. C (March 1, 2014): 210–217.

Mounier, Aurélie, and Floréal Daniel. “Pigments & Dyes in a Collection of Medieval Illuminations (14th–16th Century.” Color Research & Application 42, no. 6 (December 2017): 807–822.

Phillips, Kandy Vermeer. "Color in Medieval Manuscript Painting." The Botanical Artist 13, no. 1 (2007): 8-10.

Tokunaga, Satoko. "RUBRICATION IN CAXTON'S EARLY ENGLISH BOOKS, C. 1476–1478." Transactions of the Cambridge Bibliographical Society 15, no. 1 (2012): 59-78. Accessed March 6, 2020.


Bailey, Michael D. "A Late-Medieval Crisis of Superstition?" Speculum 84, no. 3 (2009): 633-661.

Bailey, Michael D., and Edward Peters. "A Sabbat of Demonologists: Basel, 1431–1440." The Historian 65, no. 6 (2003): 1375-1396.

Bailey, Michael D. Battling Demons: Witchcraft, Heresy, and Reform in the Late Middle Ages. University Park: Penn State Press, 2010.

Bailey, Michael D. "The Age of Magicians: Periodization in the History of European Magic." Magic, Ritual, and Witchcraft 3, no. 1 (2008): 1-28.

Bowman, Inci A. "The Symbolism of the Heart: A Review." Texas Heart Institute Journal 14, no. 4 (1987): 337-340.

Broedel, Hans Peter. The Malleus Maleficarum and the construction of witchcraft: Theology and popular belief. Manchester: MUP, 2018.

Evans, Jonathan D. "Semiotics and Traditional Lore: The Medieval Dragon Tradition." Journal of Folklore Research (1985): 85-112.

Gilomen, Hans-Jörg. "L’Endettement Paysan et la Question du Crédit dans les Pays d’Empire au Moyen Âge." Endettement Paysan et Crédit Rural dans l’Europe Médiévale et Moderne, Toulouse (1998): 99-137.

Kingsley-Smith, Jane. Cupid in Early Modern Literature and Culture. Cambridge: CUP, 2010.

Kwan, Natalie. “Woodcuts and Witches: Ulrich Molitor’s 1489–1669.” German History 30, no. 4 (December 2012): 493–527.

Monter, William. " Folatrer Avec le Demons": Sabbat et Chasse aux Sorciers a Vevey (1448)." The Journal of Interdisciplinary History 28, no. 1 (1997): 129-132.

Laferriere, Anik. "The Augustinian Heart: Late Medieval Images of Augustine as a Monastic Identity." The Journal of Ecclesiastical History 66, no. 3 (2015): 488-508.

Levack, Brian, ed. The Oxford Handbook of Witchcraft in Early Modern Europe and Colonial America. Oxford: OUP, 2013

Lindberg, Carter. "“There Should Be No Beggars Among Christians”: Karlstadt, Luther, and the Origins of Protestant Poor Relief." Church History 46, no. 3 (1977): 313-334.

Maxwell-Stuart, Peter G. Witch Beliefs and Witch Trials in the Middle Ages: Documents and Readings. London: A&C Black, 2011.

Schmitt, Jean-Claude. Mort d'une Hérésie: l'Église et les Clercs Face aux Béguines et aux Béghards du Rhin Supérieur du XIVe au XVe siècle. Vol. 56. Paris: l'Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales, 1978.

Williams, Gerhild Scholz. Defining Dominion: The Discourses of Magic and Witchcraft in Early Modern France and Germany. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1999.

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